The Slave Census or Slave Schedules 

The following census data shows the Slave Schedules, or list of slaves living at Belmont Mansion in the years 1850 and 1860. The only person listed by name in the Slave Schedule was usually the enslaver, in this case Joseph Acklen. Typically the age, gender, and color (black or mulatto) of each person is given. Slave schedules usually listed people by age and not by family groupings.

 

Next to the Slave Schedule of 1860 is information about Belmont Mansion from the agricultural census of 1860. The agricultural census for any given year detailed information regarding a farmer’s crop production.

1850 Slave Census

The Slave Census for 1850 was enumerated on October 24 & 25, 1850

#             Age        Gender        Complexion

1              30          Male            Black

1              25          Male            Black

1              25          Male            Mulatto

1              20          Male            Black

1              25          Male            Mulatto

1              20          Femaie        Black

1              20          Female        Black

1              12          Male            Black

1              10          Male            Black

1              8           Female         Black

1              4           Male             Black

1              3           Female          Black

1              4/12       Female          Black

Total of 13 people: 5 men and 2 women with 6 children

1860 Slave Census

Age        Gender       Complexion

45           Female                 Mulatto|
30           Female                 Black
30           Male                    Black
30           Male                    Black
25           Female                 Mulatto
25           Female                 Black
25           Male                    Black
25           Male                    Black
24           Female                 Mulatto
24           Male                    Black
22           Female                 Black
22           Male                    Mulatto
20           Female                Black
20           Male                    Black
20           Male                    Black
18           Female                 Mulatto
18           Male                    Black
18           Male                    Black
16           Female                 Black
15           Female                 Black
13           Male                     Black
12           Male                     Black
11           Male                     Black
10          Female                  Mulatto
8            Female                 Black
6            Female                 Black
5            Male                     Black
4            Male                     Black
3            Male                     Black
3            Male                     Black
2            Male                     Black
1             Female                 Black

 

 

*Slave Schedule, United States Census, 1860.
+United States Agriculture Census, 1860.

1860 Agricultural Census

Livestock+

Horses: 14
Mules: 6
Milk Cows: 6
Other Cattle: 15
Sheep: 20
Swine: 15
Value of Livestock: $5,650
Bushels of Indian Corn: 500
Bushels of Oats: 300
Wool: 40(?)
Bushels of Irish Potatoes: 75
Bushels of Sweet Potatoes: 75
Pounds of Butter: 350
Tons of Hay: 40

 

Slave Information*

Total Number of Slaves (West Feliciana Parish, Louisiana, and Belmont): 691
Belmont: 32

 

Slave Age Range: 1-45

Number of Males: 18
Number of Females: 14
10 Male adults
10 Female adults
12 under the age of 15
10 slave cabins
8 brick cabins with 2 rooms each

 

Montvale+


Turkey House
Poultry House
Stable and corn crib
Barn with shed
Smokehouse
Overseer’s House