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Baker, John F. The Washingtons of Wessyngton: Stories of My Family’s Journey to Freedom. Atria Books, 2009.


Beckert, Sven. Empire of Cotton: A Global History. Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group, 2015.


Clinton, Catherine. The Plantation Mistress: Woman’s World in the Old South. Pantheon Books, 1982.


Cooling, B. Franklin. To the Battles of Franklin and Nashville and Beyond: Stabilization and Reconstruction in Tennessee and Kentucky, 1864-1865.Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 2011.


Fanto Deetz, Kelley. Bound to the fire: How Virginia’s Enslaved Cooks Helped Invent American Cuisine. University Press of Kentucky, 2017.


Groom, Winston. Shrouds of Glory: Atlanta to Nashville: The Last Great Campaign of the Civil War. New York: Atlantic Monthly Press, 1995.


Doyle, Don Harrison. Nashville in the New South, 1880-1930. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1985.


Doyle, Don Harrison. New Men, New Cities, New South: Atlanta, Nashville, Charleston, Mobile, 1860-1910. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1990.


Durham, Walter T. Reluctant Partners: Nashville and the Union, July 1, 1863, to June 30, 1865. Nashville: Tennessee Historical Society, 1987.


Durham, Walter T. Nashville, the Occupied City: The First Seventeen Months, February 16, 1862, to June 30, 1863. Nashville, Tenn.: Tennessee Historical Society, 1985.


Jacobs, Harriet Ann. Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl: An Autobiographical Account of an Escaped Slave and Abolitionist. USA: First Skyhorse Publishing, 2015.

Jones-Rogers, Stephanine E. They Were Her Property: White Women as Slave Owners in the American South. Yale University Press, 2020.


Lee, Dan. Thomas J. Wood: A Biography of the Union General in the Civil War. Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland & Co., 2012.


McDaniel, Karina, and Aubrey C Watson. Nashville Then & Now. London: Pavilion, 2014.


Morton-Young, Tommie. Black America Series: Nashville Tennessee. Charleston, SC: Arcadia Publishing, 2000.

Rothman, Joshua. The Ledger and the Chain: How Domestic Slave Traders Shaped America. Basic Books, 2021.

Smith, Michael Thomas. The 1864 Franklin-Nashville Campaign: The Finishing Stroke. Santa Barbara, California: Praeger, an imprint of ABC-CLIO, LLC, 2014.


Weld, Theodore Dwight. American Slavery as it is: Selections from the Testimony of a Thousand Witnesses. Mineola, NY: Dover Thrift Editions, 2017.




Born in Slavery: Slave Narratives from the Federal Writers' Project, 1936 to 1938 (includes a section on Tennessee). Library of Congress.


Chronicling America. This online archive includes many early Tennessee Newspapers including the Nashville Globe (a Black newspaper published between 1910 and 1930).


Isaac Franklin Further Sources -


Nashville Public Library -

The Slave Dwelling Project -

Tennessee -


Tennessee State Library and Archives (TSLA) -


Understanding Slavery Initiative: Supporting the Teaching and Learning of Transatlantic Histories and Legacies.


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