Baker, John F. The Washingtons of Wessyngton: Stories of My Family’s Journey to Freedom. Atria Books, 2009.


Beckert, Sven. Empire of Cotton: A Global History. Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group, 2015.


Clinton, Catherine. The Plantation Mistress: Woman’s World in the Old South. Pantheon Books, 1982.


Cooling, B. Franklin. To the Battles of Franklin and Nashville and Beyond: Stabilization and Reconstruction in Tennessee and Kentucky, 1864-1865.Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 2011.


Fanto Deetz, Kelley. Bound to the fire: How Virginia’s Enslaved Cooks Helped Invent American Cuisine. University Press of Kentucky, 2017.


Groom, Winston. Shrouds of Glory: Atlanta to Nashville: The Last Great Campaign of the Civil War. New York: Atlantic Monthly Press, 1995.


Doyle, Don Harrison. Nashville in the New South, 1880-1930. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1985.


Doyle, Don Harrison. New Men, New Cities, New South: Atlanta, Nashville, Charleston, Mobile, 1860-1910. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1990.


Durham, Walter T. Reluctant Partners: Nashville and the Union, July 1, 1863, to June 30, 1865. Nashville: Tennessee Historical Society, 1987.


Durham, Walter T. Nashville, the Occupied City: The First Seventeen Months, February 16, 1862, to June 30, 1863. Nashville, Tenn.: Tennessee Historical Society, 1985.


Jacobs, Harriet Ann. Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl: An Autobiographical Account of an Escaped Slave and Abolitionist. USA: First Skyhorse Publishing, 2015.


Lee, Dan. Thomas J. Wood: A Biography of the Union General in the Civil War. Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland & Co., 2012.


McDaniel, Karina, and Aubrey C Watson. Nashville Then & Now. London: Pavilion, 2014.


Morton-Young, Tommie. Black America Series: Nashville Tennessee. Charleston, SC: Arcadia Publishing, 2000.


Smith, Michael Thomas. The 1864 Franklin-Nashville Campaign: The Finishing Stroke. Santa Barbara, California: Praeger, an imprint of ABC-CLIO, LLC, 2014.


Weld, Theodore Dwight. American Slavery as it is: Selections from the Testimony of a Thousand Witnesses. Mineola, NY: Dover Thrift Editions, 2017.




Born in Slavery: Slave Narratives from the Federal Writers' Project, 1936 to 1938 (includes a section on Tennessee). Library of Congress.


Chronicling America. This online archive includes many early Tennessee Newspapers including the Nashville Globe (an African American newspaper published between 1910 and 1930).


Isaac Franklin Further Sources -


Nashville Public Library -


Tennessee -


Tennessee State Library and Archives (TSLA) -


Understanding Slavery Initiative: Supporting the Teaching and Learning of Transatlantic Histories and Legacies.


Elopement Packages at Belmont Mansion

Intimate and elegant wedding ceremonies are popular at Belmont Mansion! 


Visit to review options to Elope in Nashville at Belmont Mansion. 

Affordable Nashville Elopements start here!


Belmont Blvd & Acklen Avenue 

Nashville, TN 37212


1900 Belmont Blvd

Nashville, TN 37212


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The architecture of Belmont Mansion makes it one of the most significant homes of 19th century Tennessee.

Sold by the Acklen family in 1887, the house went to a developer who began one of Nashville’s early suburbs.

It was then purchased by two women who in 1890 started a college which evolved into Belmont University. Today the Belmont Mansion Association, which was formed in 1972, owns the collection, runs the museum, and shares this unique story of 19th century Nashville with visitors from far and near.

Photos by Ed Houk